Monthly Archives: September 2012

Dive site maps

This is just a dump of maps of dive sites I’ve picked up around the place.  Credit to the respective dive shops that produced them.

Do a text search {Edit> Find (on this page)…..} to see if the one you want is on here.

India – Andaman Islands
(from Andaman Bubbles diveshop, Havelock Island)

Thailand- Koh Lipe
(from Forra Diving on Sunrise Beach, IIRC)

From Satun Dive:

http://www.gekkoscubadivers.com/andaman-dive-sites.html

Thailand- Koh Mook
(from the diveshop/travel agent around point 11 on the map)

Malaysia – Pulau Kapas
(from Aquasport diveshop)
Malay_Kapas_960_Diveshop-Map_IMG_1945

Malaysia – Pulau Perhentian
(from Bubu divers)
DivesiteMaps_Malaysia-Perhentians-by-Bubu -divers.jpg

Eastern Malaysia – Tun Sakaran National Park
(from one of the dive shops near the jetty in Semporna)

   DivesiteMaps_Malaysia-Tun-SakaranNP-Sipadan_P6170098_.jpg

Peninsular Malaysia – Redang

Malay_Redang_985_AltMaps1-Orange_PA011264_

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Safety


Safety

There are not too many things that are going to hurt you in coastal waters.  You are more likely to suffer from sunburn or a coconut falling on you than by assault by any marine beasty.  But here are a few things to be aware of.

Sunburn – the tropical sun is really really strong, especially from about noon till 4pm.  Just because you’re cool in the water doesn’t mean you aren’t being sunburned to a cinder.  Wear waterproof sun cream and a t-shirt and long shorts and a hat (yes, a hat) while you are snorkelling for at least the first week after you arrive.  You can also get sunburn on your face-down side.  Wear waterproof suncream on your face.  If you are going to be snorkelling for a long time, take a little shampoo bottle of it with you (in a zip pocket) for re-application.

Theft – don’t leave your valuables on the beach.  Leave them in a safe place at your accommodation.  At a stretch, arrange to leave low-ish value items with beach vendors. Keys and cash are generally waterproof, you can always take them with you into the sea.

Coconuts – a 3kg coconut falling from a 10 metre tree will make a real nasty mess of your head. Coconut killings are the single highest cause of holiday deaths in Asia. Don’t sit underneath coconut trees!

Lacerated soles – you might have to walk into the water over sharp stones or fragments of dead coral.  If the tide is going out, what was an easy, sandy entry into the water, might not be so easy coming out. I wear a pair of scuba divers’ neoprene booties. You can walk around in them on land, too.  Or you can take some normal rubber flip-flops in with you and when you are fully floated, tie them on to your swimming costume with a bit of string you have brought along.  If you’re wearing slip-on fins, you’re supposed to do any walking in a backwards direction.  Generally, it’s better to get horizontal in the water as soon as possible, rather than staggering around on your feet until you are waist deep.  See also stonefish and sea urchins.

Sea snakes – the black and silver banded sea snake is pretty venomous.  It is also pretty chilled out and will happily swim around sniffing under rocks with you right behind it, following its every move.  It will ignore you.  The only time to be concerned is if you get between the snake and the surface when it is coming up to breathe, in which case, get out of the way.

Cone shells – ahhh, look at the pretty seashell.  Thwuk, thud.  Some conical seashells have a sharp barbed hook that shoots out and injects you with a deadly poison if you disturb it.  Don’t pick up conical seashells from underwater. Here’s a link to more information, including pictures of what they look like.

Stonefish/Scorpionfish – these well camouflaged dudes just sit on the bottom of the sea, secure in the knowledge that they don’t need to swim away from any splashing or disturbance, because they have extremely venomous spines on their backs.  Stepping on one will do you a LOT of damage. Fortunately they are reasonably rare. The only thing to do to avoid them is to get horizontal in the water as early as possible, so you are swimming and not walking. Wearing something solid on your feet is the next-best options.

Currents – people getting swept out to sea is quite a common cause of fatalities.  Just use your common sense and swim within your  limits.  Wearing something fluorescent is a good idea.   See Tezza’s advice on rip-currents. Also see this separate page for snorkelling expeditions using kayaks.

Boats – Don’t rely on boat drivers not to run you over.  Modern outboard motors that the yachties use on their tenders make almost no noise at all, so you might not hear them coming.  Sometimes the guy paid to drive the speedboat ferry/banana-ride boat is more interested in racing with his buddy than looking out for turtles or snorkellers in front of him. A fluorescent tip to your snorkel increases your visibility quite a bit; wearing a bright or fluorescent swim cap might also help. Consider taking a surface marker buoy with you. But once a speedboat has picked up speed and the bow has gone up in the air, the driver probably can’t see what’s ahead of him whatever you are wearing.  If you get stuck in an impending-doom scenario, try the power of shouting. As a last resort, dive down and stay underwater until the boat has passed. Try to check whether there is another one behind first, tho’.

Jellyfish – only a few species of jellyfish are deadly poisonous and, AFAIK, these all live in Australia.  Generally, the worst you will get in the coastal waters of Asia is like a bee/wasp sting that will sting like hell for the first 2 seconds, then itch for about a week afterwards.  It’s better to stay away from those jellyfish with trailing tentacles.  Smaller, translucent stingies (without tentacles) will typically give you a rash and itch for a few days. Vinegar and urine are supposed to relieve the pain, but prevention is better than cure and a long sleeved t-shirt will keep most things at bay. In Thailand, they have put up stations with a bottle of vinegar for treating stings and a poster showing the worst types of jellyfish, (including box jellyfish).
Here’s a  picture of the jellyfish on the poster. The rest of it reads:
Q: If I am stung, what will happen? / A: Various symptoms can be found ranging from minor irritation, such as itching and slight rashes, to major health problems, such as heart and respiratory failure, depending on each person’s resistance. / Q: So how should I deal with the stings ? / A: Do not attempt to rub or scratch over the stung area. Instead, pour normal household vinegar (concentration of 4-6x) over it for 30 seconds, like in the picture. You can also soak a small injured part of body (e.g.fingers) in vinegar. The vinegar is in this cylinder, right here.
. . Happliy, so far, I haven’t seen any of the poster’s stars.

Coral stings/burns – Many types of hard coral will give you burns as well as abrasions for a few days if you touch them, even if you just brush against them.  Touching coral is bad for the coral and bad for you. Just don’t do it.

Sea urchins – are spiny little balls that sit at the bottom of the sea and have sharp spines sticking out in all directions. In some species the spines are coated with a poisonous mucus. These are another stepping hazard. If you step on one, the spines will break off inside your skin and the fragments are almost impossible to remove.  If you get one, don’t leave it in there, get it taken out.

Sharks – sharks ain’t gonna get close enough to you to hurt you.  See this separate article – “scared about sharks ?”.  If you sustain a cut and are bleeding in the water, it would be prudent to get out.

Moray Eels – Moray eels hide in holes under rocks. They have sharp teeth and look mean in pictures.  Some species can be pretty big, upto a couple of metres long.  But don’t worry, Moray eels are wimps.  They will retreat into their holes as soon as they see anyone bigger than them approaching.  They would only bite you if you stick your hand right into their holes.  So don’t go sticking your hand into dark holes.

Sting Rays – Sting rays have a barb with a venomous spine at the base (not the tip) of their tails.  They live on the sandy bottom eating the tasty morsels living under the sand. In theory, you could step on one and get stung, but in reality they are scardey-cats and are very sensitive to motion. They will have swam away long before you even get close.  Unless you try hugging a 2 metre one, you will be fine.

Needlefish.  Needlefish are skinny silver fish about 40cm long that swim near the surface and often follow you around when you are snorkelling. They have lots of tiny (needle-like) teeth, which can look a bit scary in close up pictures.  But needlefish are wimps, too.  They won’t come any closer to you than about 2 metres.  People sometimes get them confused with Barracuda.

Barracuda. You will rarely see a barracuda while snorkelling.  They look like double-sized needlefish and have a mean look on their face and lots of teeth. However, they are pretty elusive and if you do see one it is unlikely to come closer than about 2 metres.  They are said to attach shiny things like earrings or glinty watches which they mistake for small fish, but I have seen plenty of them while Diving (with an airtank) and they have all seemed pretty damned timid to me.

Triggerfish. When Titan Triggerfish are nesting they can become territorial and aggressive.  Normally, they are scardey-cats and will stay away from you, but  nesting one will rush at you repeatedly, trying to take a bite. Their teeth aren’t sharp but they have extremely strong jaws and could do some damage to an unprotected toe.  If one comes at you, try kicking it in the face with your heel just as it reaches you. If you are facing it, a side-swipe punch to the side of the head might divert it for a bit.  Then get out of its territory – it won’t stop coming at you until you are clear of its patch.  99% of the time they are perfectly docile.

– – – – –

Anyway, sorry if I scared you.  As you can see, most sea creatures are more frightened of you than you are of them.  If you have a mask, some eyes and a brain, you will be fine.

Geeky details

Here’s some more (some would say ‘too much’) information about the site:

About me

40-something English guy, just having a look around the planet while there’s still time.

I love the underwater world and spend a lot of time snorkelling.  Opinions about where is good/not-good for snorkelling are pretty subjective and sometimes skewed by vested interests.  So I thought I’d take some photos and put them on the interweb, so you can see for yourself.

FWIW, I am a BSAC trained scuba diver and am qualified PADI Divemaster.
I spend more time snorkelling than I do diving these days, partly for economic reasons, but also because most of the best stuff is in the first 10 metres.

About the photographs

All underwater photographs were taken by me while snorkelling/breath-hold skin diving. Pictures were generally taken in depths of 2-5 metres, using natural light.

It took a while to get used to using a camera underwater. I have found that the ‘trick’ is to get as close to subjects as possible.  Water absorbs light, and this starts at distances of less then 10 metres. Photos taken from the surface towards the bottom usually just end up looking like a blue-green mush.

I generally don’t use flash. Unless the water is completely crystal clear or you are using external strobes, it just lights up the silt in the water and creates hundreds of bright white dots right in front of whatever you are photographing.  You may have seen articles that tell you to always use flash when taking pictures underwater.  That’s fine if you have good, expensive, equipment (i.e. external strobes that send reflections off, away from the lens).  But if you have a cheapy underwater compact, then turn-off the flash and get-in as close as possible using natural light.

About the camera (s)

Most pictures here were taken with an Olympus Tough compact camera.   From November 2011 to August 2012 I had model TG610, but then it leaked and died (which, to be fair, may well have been my fault).  I replaced it in September 2012 with the newer model TG820.

I can’t say I’m a huge fan of either, the 610 took years to boot-up and both of them take what seems like forever to save a picture to disc.  Switching between standard and macro mode is a slow and fiddly process.  That said, I have gotten some decent pictures out of them, so maybe I shouldn’t complain.  Also, the Olympus TG-range seems to be the only underwater compact with a little tin cover for the lens, which is handy protection when you are scrambling out of the water over barnacle-covered rocks.

I have also taken a few pictures for this site using a borrowed Canon IXUS 220HS (in a housing) (Pulau Kapas, Malaysia) and a Fujifilm FinePixZ3WP (Serawa Island, Indonesia).  Kudos to the lenders.

About post-processing

The Olympus TG610 has (only) a preset white balance for underwater. It’s not great, so I have to adjust the colour levels (and sometimes the saturation) in Photoshop afterwards. Sorry if you think that’s cheating.

If there’s a lot of silt in the water or if I have lots of reflected crap in-shot because I had to use flash, I might occasionally do some touching-up to get rid of it.  Sorry if you think that’s cheating.

I do post-processing on my travelling Samsung NC10 Netbook. It’s not been colour calibrated and I think the display might be a bit flat.  If everything looks a bit garish on your computer, sorry about that, I will re-do the photos once I get back to an office and a proper screen.

About the narrative

This site is as much about identifying those places that are no-good as it is about finding the good spots.  I don’t want you to waste time and/or money travelling somewhere for the snorkelling, only to find out that it stinks.

If you own a resort somewhere and you advertise that the snorkelling is great when it isn’t, then I’m gonna bust your racket!  I make no apology for being negative about places which deserve negativity.

– – – – –

Each page is dated with the dates/seasons that I visited.  Of course, conditions change month to month with the seasons, so keep that in mind.

– – – – –

Options are subjective. What I think is good snorkelling might be different from what you think is good snorkelling.

If you haven’t done a lot of snorkelling before, you might love something that I say is distinctly average.  I have dived some pretty nice places (Australian Great Barrier reef; Southern Red Sea in Egypt, Meso-American Reef (Honduras, Belize,etc), as well as spots around South East Asia) and my standards are kinda high.  If I sound a little unimpressed by a particular spot, then have a good look at the photos to see whether you agree.  If I sound like a particular spot is a heap-of-crap, then you can trust me that it is, and it wasn’t worth wasting a photograph on.

My ideal snorkelling is a reef top at about 2m depth;  40metres wide and 1 km long, with at least 20 different species of colourful hardcorals, many of them finger/staghorn varieties.

There seems to be fewer and fewer fish around these days, so I generally don’t expect very much in the way of fishlife.  If I’m raving about a place, it doesn’t necessarily mean it was filled with manta-rays and whalesharks – it probably wasn’t.  If there’s any fauna more interesting than a smattering of common reef fish, I will be sure and mention the fact.

Hopefully the photographs bring some objectivity to it.

– – – – –

I like to swim. I can happily spend eight hours a day snorkelling round an island and often do.  I go to these lengths mainly to ensure that I don’t miss unnoticed patches of good coral and to ensure I have the full picture when it comes to comparing different places.

If I’m swimming, I don’t always approach a spot from the same way you would if you were coming at it from the land.  I do usually return to the area overland to try and find the jungle track that leads down to the beach or whatever.  Usually, that is.  Occasionally, you might have to figure-out the overland part for yourself.

– – – –

I don’t necessarily recommend that you follow me on a four hour swim to find a nice patch of coral.

Where there are easier ways of getting there, I will try and point them out.

Also, see the section on safety.

– – – – –

There are no commercial interests on this site – it’s a labour of love.  If you want to give me some money, then send me an email and we’ll work something out 😉

Scared about sharks


Scared about sharks ?

I like sharks – they are beautiful and sleek.   I try to seek them out. On this site, I refer to them in positive terms. If I get to see one up close – that’s a good thing.

There are about 440 different species of shark, all of them different in appearance and character. Less than ten of these species pose any threat to humans. The few dangerous types generally live out in the deep ocean, not close to land.

All of the places I cover on this site are close to land-masses and any sharks you find here will be harmless reef-sharks.  These won’t hurt you because (1) they’re small (usually less than 1.3 metres) and you are big; (2) they are scared that you might be better at hurting them than they are at hurting you.

Usually if you see a reef shark, it will be flashing past your eyes as it sprints away from your obese flapping.   Occasionally, you will get an inquisitive one that approaches you and circles around you at a distance of about 5 metres, then swims off into the distance, uninterested. About five times in my snorkelling life, one has come up and circled me at a range of about 2 metres before swimming off.  This is the closest that a reef shark is likely to get to you.  Don’t worry about it.

Species list

This section contains extra information about the species pictured on this site. There’s quite a lot of them. Probably best to use your browser’s text search function: “Edit> Find (on this page)”, or similar.

All images are clickable for bigger versions. The pictures here are generally better than the ones on the other pages.

Feel free to add/correct stuff in the comments section at the bottom of the page.

Edit: The species list got too big for its rockpool. It is now split into three pages:

This page now only contains fish(es).
Corals are here
Everything else (Rays, Nudibranchs, Reptiles, Crustacea, etc) are here

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Angelfish_Bicolour-Angelfish_Centropyge-bicolor_IMG_0392.jpg

Common name(s): Bicolour Angelfish; Gold-and-blue Angelfish; Rock Beauty

Latin name: Centropyge bicolor

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Black-tail-Angelfish_Centropyge-eibli_P1263416_.jpg

Common name(s): Black tail Angelfish; Red Stripe Angelfish; Orangelined Angelfish; Eibl Dwarf angelfish

Latin name: Centropyge eibli

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Bluegirdled-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-navarchus_P7065048.jpg

Common name(s): Bluegirdled Angelfish; Majestic Angelfish

Latin name: Pomacanthus navarchus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Angelfish_Blue-Ringed-Angelfish-Juvi_Pomacanthus-annularis_P1135401_ Species_Fish_Angelfish_Blue-Ringed-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-annularis_IMG_1542_

Common name(s): Blue Ringed Angelfish

Latin name: Pomacanthus annularis

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Ngai, Kapas

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Emperor-juvenile_Pomacanthus-imperator_IMG_9003.jpgAngelfish_Emperor-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-imperator_P4154252_ Surins.JPG

Common name(s): Emperor Angelfish

Latin name: Pomacanthus imperator

Comment:  Pictures: Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Banda Islands, Surins

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Keyhole-Angelfish_Centropyge-tibicen_P1018569.jpg

Common name(s): Keyhole Angelfish

Latin name: Centropyge tibicen

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Pearlscale-Angelfish_Centropyge-vroliki_P7297383.JPG

Common name(s): Pearlscale Angelfish; Half Black Pygmy Angel

Latin name: Centropyge vroliki

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Angelfish_Regal-Angelfish_Pygoplites-diacanthus_P4082566_Surin.JPG

Common name(s): Regal Angelfish

Latin name: Pygoplites diacanthus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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 Angelfish_Semicircle-Juvenile_Pomacanthus-semicirculatus_IMG_2366.jpg Angelfish_Semicircle-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-semicirculatus_P4062289_.jpg

Common name(s): Semicircle Angelfish; Koran Angelfish

Latin name: Pomacanthus semicirculatus

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile; Intermediate; Adult

Picture from: Malbul, Raja Ampat, Surins

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Angelfish_Six-Banded-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-sextriatus_P5062900_

Common name(s): Six Banded Angelfish; Six Bar Angelfish

Latin name: Pomacanthus sextriatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Tao

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Three-Spot-Angelfish_Apolemichthys-trimaculatus_P4231140_.jpg

Common name(s): Three-Spot-Angelfish

Latin name: Apolemichthys trimaculatus

Comment: Might possibly be Apolemichthys armitage (from the black edge on the dorsal fin), although those should be restricted to Seychelles and Maldives

Picture from: Similans

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Two-Spined-Angelfish_Centropyge-bispinosus_P7024597.jpg

Common name(s): Two Spined Angelfish; Coral Beauty; Dusky Angelfish

Latin name: Centropyge bispinosus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Angelfish_Vermiculated-Angelfish_Chaetodontoplus-mesoleucus_P7090565_

Common name(s): Vermiculated Angelfish

Latin name: Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Angelfish_Yellowmask-Angelfish_Pomacanthus-xanthometopon_P4051799_.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowmask Angelfish, Blueface Angelfish, Yellowface Angelfish,

Latin name: Pomacanthus xanthometopon

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Anthias_Purple-Anthia_Pseudanthias-tuka_P7307506 Togeans.JPG

Common name(s): Purple Anthia; Yellowstriped Anthia

Latin name: Pseudanthias tuka

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Togeans

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Anthias_Scalefin-Anthia-Male-AKA-Scalefin-Basslet_Pseudanthias-squamipinnis_P4241395_ Anthias_Scalefin-Anthia-Female_Pseudanthias-sqamipinnis_P4220825_.jpg

Common name(s): Scalefin Anthia; Sea Goldie; Lyretail Anthia

Latin name: Pseudanthias sqamipinnis

Comment: Pics: Male (red variation); Female. Males are territorial and haremic. If the male disappears, a female changes sex to replace him.

Picture from: Similans

Also seen at:

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Anthias_Threadfin-Anthia_Pseudanthias-huchti_IMG_0667.jpg

Common name(s): Threadfin Anthia; Red-Cheek Fairy Basslet

Latin name: Pseudanthias huchti

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Anthia_Squarespot-Anthias-AKA-Basslet-Male_Pseudanthias-pleurotaenia_P1018568

Common name(s): Squarespot Anthia; Basslet Male; Square-spot Fairy Basslet

Latin name: Pseudanthias pleurotaenia

Comment: Picture – Male. Female is Orange with two purple stripes from eye to tail.

Picture from: Wakatobi

Also seen at:

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Archerfish_Banded-Archerfish_Toxotes-jaculatrix_IMG_3375.jpg

Common name(s): Banded Archerfish

Latin name: Toxotes jaculatrix

Comment: Shoots down prey with a jet of water

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Barracuda_Blackfin-Barracuda_Sphyraena-qenie_IMG_1674_.jpg

Common name(s): Blackfin Barracuda; Chevron Barracuda

Latin name: Sphyraena qenie

Comment:

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Barracuda_Great-Barracuda_Sphyraena-barracuda_IMG_0259_.jpg

Common name(s): Great Barracuda

Latin name: Sphyraena barracuda

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Barracuda_Pickhandle-Barracuda_Sphyraena-jello_IMG_0450_.jpg

Common name(s): Pickhandle Barracuda

Latin name: Sphyraena jello

Comment: Bars on body are more predominant on top half.

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Yellowtail Barracuda

Latin name: Sphyraena flavicauda

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Longfin Batfish; Spadefish

Latin name: Platax teira

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult. Can be easy to confuse with Platax orbicularis. Orbicularis should have ’rounder’ body shape, but that is not always the case.

Picture from: Kapas, Turtle Island

Also seen at:

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Batfish_Pinnate-Batfish_Platax-pinnatus_P7287024.JPG

Common name(s): Pinnate Batfish

Latin name: Platax pinnatus

Comment: Picture: Distinguished from other species by pointed nose.  Adult.  Juveniles are black with an orange band all around the edge.

Picture from: Togeans

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Batfish_Silver-Batfish-aka-Diamondfish_Monodactyus-argenteus_P1176366_

Common name(s): Silver Batfish; Diamondfish

Latin name: Monodactylus argenteus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

Also seen at:

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Biddies_Blacktip-Silver-Biddy_Gerres-oyena_P4082534_.jpg

Common name(s): Blacktip Silver Biddy

Latin name: Gerres oyena

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Biddies_Silver-Biddy-Longtail_Gerres-acinaces_P1132408_.JPG

Common name(s): Longtail Silver Biddy

Latin name: Gerres acinaces

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:
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Bigeyes_Crescent-Tail-Bigeye_Priacanthus-hamrur_IMG_8034.jpg

Common name(s): Crescent-tail Bigeye; Goggle Eye; Moon-tail Bullseye; Lunar-tail Bigeye; Red Bullseye

Latin name: Priacanthus hamrur

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Banded Blenny

Latin name: Salarius Fasciatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Redang

Also seen at:

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Blennies_Bicolor-Blenny_Ecsenius-bicolor_P1135416_.JPG

Common name(s): Bicolor Blenny; Flametail Blenny

Latin name: Ecsenius bicolor

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Blennies_Convict-Blenny-AKA-Convict-Goby_Pholidichthys-leucotaenia_P8150079_P1018611

Common name(s): Convict Blenny; Convict Goby

Latin name: Pholidichthys leucotaenia

Comment: Usually in schools.

Picture from: Wakatobi

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Blacklined Blowfish

Latin name: Arthron Aerostaticus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Manukan

Also seen at:

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Boxfish_Largenose-Boxfish_Rhynchostracion-rhinorhynchus_P1162826_.JPG

Common name(s): Largenose Boxfish

Latin name: Rhynchostracion rhinorhynchus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Boxfish_Spotted-Boxfish_Ostracion-meleagris_PC021121.jpgSpecies_Fish_Boxfish_Spotted-Boxfish_Ostracion-meleagris_P6190571_

Common name(s): Spotted Boxfish; Spotted Trunkfish

Latin name: Ostracion meleagris

Comment: Male: Black/dark brown top with white spots, blue head and sides with bright orange spots, pale pink area below eye (first picture). Male variation (second picture): Charcoal-brown with white spots on top, bright orange spots on sides. In both variations, side spots may elongate laterally and form a broken stripe from eye to tail. Female: Dark brown with white spots.

.

Pictures from: Malbul

Also seen at:

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Boxfish_Boxfish_Yellow-ostracion-cubicus-juvenile_P4271949_.JPG Boxfish_Boxfish_Yellow-ostracion-cubicus_P4062177__.jpg

Common name(s): Yellow Boxfish

Latin name: Ostracion cubicus

Comment: Juvenile – Yellow (pictured); Young Adult – dark yellow (pictured); Intermediate Adult – silver blue; Adult – blue

Picture from: Lipe, Surins

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Butterflyfish_Bannerfish_Longfin-Bannerfish_Heniochus-acuminatus_P4154199_.JPG

Common name(s): Longfin Bannerfish

Latin name: Heniochus acuminatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Similan

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Bannerfish_Phantom-Bannerfish-juvenile_Heniochus-pleurotaenia_P4062278_ Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Bannerfish_Phantom-Bannerfish_Heniochus-pleurotaeniaP4154207_Surin

Common name(s): Phantom Bannerfish; Indian Ocean Bannerfish,

Latin name: Heniochus pleurotaenia

Comment: Differentiated from similar species by white stripe at bottom half of body, which doesn’t extend to the top of the body

Picture from: Surins

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Singular-Bannerfish_Heniochus-singularis_P4092889_

Common name(s): Singular Bannerfish

Latin name: Heniochus singularis

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Butterflyfish_Big-Longnose-Butterflyfish-Forcipiger--longirostris_P4251698_

Common name(s): Longnose Butterflyfish; Yellow Longnose Butterflyfish

Latin name: Forcipiger flavissimus

Comment: _Picture to follow

Picture from: Similan

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Butterflyfish_Big-Longnose-Butterflyfish_Forcipiger-longirostris_P6274435.jpg

Common name(s): Big Longnose Butterflyfish

Latin name: Forcipiger longirostris

Comment: Longer snout than similar looking Forcipiger flavissimus

Picture from: Bunaken

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Common name(s): Black Backed Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon melannotus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Common name(s): Blackcap Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon wiebeli

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Pha Ngan

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Blacklip-Butterflyfish-AKA-Brown-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-kleinii_IMG_0430

Common name(s): Blacklip Butterflyfish; Brown Butterflyfish; Klein’s Butterflyfish; Sunburst Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon kleinii

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Butterflyfish_Black-Pyramid-Butterflyfish_Hemitaurichthys-zoster_P4261801_.JPG

Common name(s): Black Pyramid Butterflyfish, Black and White Butterflyfish; Zoster Butterflyfish;

Latin name: Hemitaurichthys zoster

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Similan

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Butterflyfish_Andaman-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-andamanensis_P4051821_.JPG

Common name(s): Andaman Butterflyfish; Yellow Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon andamanensis

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Azure-Demoiselle_Chrysiptera-hemicyanea_IMG_3138.jpg

Common name(s): Azure Demoiselle; Azure Damselfish; Half-Blue Demoiselle; Yellow-Dipped Damsel

Latin name: Chrysiptera hemicyanea

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Damselfish_Banded-Damselfish_Dischistodus-fasciatus_IMG_3054.jpg

Common name(s): Banded Damselfish

Latin name: Dischistodus fasciatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Damselfish_Bicolour-Chromis_Chromis-margaritifer_IMG_1399.jpg

Common name(s): Bicolor Chromis; Black and White Chromis; Whitetail Puller

Latin name: Chromis margaritifer

Comment: Black spot at the base of pectoral fins

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Chevroned-Butterflyfish-Juvenile_Chaetodon-trifascialis_PC051631_ Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Chevroned-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-trifascialis_IMG_1473_

Common name(s): Chevroned Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon trifascialis

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Bulon, Kapas

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Butterflyfish_Dotted-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-semeion_P4051842_.JPG

Common name(s): Dotted Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon semeion

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Eastern Triangular Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon baronessa

Comment: Easily confused with the Triangle Butterflyfish (Chaetodon triangulum) and the Triangulate Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis).

Picture from: Moalboal

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Eclipse-Butterflyfish-AKA-Bennetts-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-bennetti_P7317876

Common name(s): Eclipse Butterflyfish; Bennetts Butterflyfish; Bluelashed butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon bennetti

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

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Common name(s): Eight Banded Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon octofasciatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kapas

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Butterflyfish_Vagabond-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-vagabundus_P4041687_.jpg

Common name(s): Vagabond Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon vagabundus

Comment: Don’t confuse with Indian vagabond

Picture from: Surins

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Butterflyfish_Indian-Vagabond-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-decussatus_P4154329_.JPG

Common name(s): Indian Vagabond Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon decussatus

Comment: Don’t confuse with Vagabond, or Threadfin Butterflyfish

Picture from: Surins

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Butterflyfish_Latticed-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-rafflesi_P7287224 Togeans.JPG

Common name(s): Latticed Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon rafflesi

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Togeans

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Butterflyfish_Lined-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-lineolatus_P4072489_.JPG

Common name(s): Lined Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon lineolatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Long Beaked Coralfish; Beaked Butterflyfish; Copper-Banded Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chelmon Rostratus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

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Butterflyfish_Meyers-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-meyeri_P4113530_.JPG

Common name(s): Meyers Butterflyfish; Scrawled Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon meyeri

Comment: Black bands – compare with Ornate Butterflyfish (orange bands).

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Orange-Banded Coralfish

Latin name: Coradion chrysozonus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Butterflyfish_Ornate-Butterflyfish-Juvenile_Chaetodon-ornatissimus_P8048198.JPG Butterflyfish_Ornate-Butterflyfish-Adult_Chaetodon-ornatissimus_P7276852.JPG

Common name(s): Ornate Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon ornatissimus

Comment: Orange bands, cf Meyer’s black bands. Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Tanjung Karang, Togeans

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Oval-spot-butterflyfish_Chaetodon-speculum-Adult P4231180

Common name(s): Oval spot butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon speculum

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Sapi, Similan

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Pacific-Double-Saddle-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-ulietensis_IMG_0934

Common name(s): Pacific Double-Saddle Butterflyfish; False Double-Saddle Butterflyfish; Double-barred Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon ulietensis

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Butterflyfish-Panda-Butterflyfish_ Chaetodon-adiergastos_IMG_1555__ 18 4.jpg

Common name(s): Panda Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon adiergastos

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kapas

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Pyramid_Butterflyfish_Hemitaurichthys-polylepis_P6274394

Common name(s): Pyramid Butterflyfish

Latin name: Hemitaurichthys polylepis

Comment: _To follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Raccoon-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-lunula_P4061994_.jpg

Common name(s): Raccoon Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon lunula

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Redfin Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon lunulatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Butterflyfish_Reticulated-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-reticulatus_P6274480.jpg

Common name(s): Reticulated Butterflyfish; Mailed Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon reticulatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Butterflyfish_Saddleback-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-falcula_P4051780_.JPG

Common name(s): Saddleback Butterflyfish; Black-wedged Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon falcula

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Butterflyfish_Saddle-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-ephippium_P4123661_.JPG

Common name(s): Saddle Butterflyfish; Saddled Butterflyfish;

Latin name: Chaetodon ephippium

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Butterflyfish_Speckled-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-citrinellus_P4154214_.JPG

Common name(s): Speckled Butterflyfish; Citron Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon citrinellus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Butterflyfish_Spot-Banded-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-punctatofasciatus_P7266261

Common name(s): Spot Banded Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon punctatofasciatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

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Butterflyfish_Teardrop-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-unimaculatus_P7034718.jpg

Common name(s): Teardrop Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon unimaculatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Butterflyfish_Threadfin-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-auriga_P4051790_.JPG

Common name(s): Threadfin Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon auriga

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): White Collared Butterflyfish; Collared Butterflyfish; Red tailed Butterflyfish

Latin name: Chaetodon collare

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

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Butterflyfish_Yellowhead-Butterflyfish_Chaetodon-xanthocephalus_P4072428_.jpg

Common name(s): Yellowhead Butterflyfish, Yellowtop Fusilier;

Latin name: Chaetodon xanthocephalus

Comment: Hybrids with Chetodon ephippeum exist

Picture from: Surins

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Cardinalfish_Banggai-Cardinalfish_Pterapogon-kauderni_P7145894.JPG

Common name(s): Banggai Cardinalfish; Kaudern’s Cardinalfish

Latin name: Pterapogon kauderni

Comment: Localised to Banggai Islands and Lembeh.

Picture from: Lembeh

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Cardinalfish_Bargill-Cardinalfish_Apogon-sealei_P8150124_P1018529.jpg

Common name(s): Bargill Cardinalfish

Latin name: Apogon sealei

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Cardinalfish_Black-Nosed-Cardinalfish_Rhabdamia-cypselurus_P1283907_.JPG

Common name(s): Black Nosed Cardinalfish

Latin name: Rhabdamia cypselurus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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Cardinalfish_Duskytailed-Cardinalfish_Archamia-macroptera_P4113429

Common name(s): Duskytail Cardinalfish

Latin name: Archamia macroptera

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): False Threespot Cardinalfish

Latin name: Apogon rhodopterus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Malbul

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Common name(s): Five Line Cardinalfish

Latin name: Cheilodipterus-quinquelineatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

Also seen at:

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Cardinalfish_Girdled-Cardinalfish_Archamia-zosterophora_IMG_3149.jpg

Common name(s): Girdled Cardinalfish; Blackbelted Cardinalfish

Latin name: Archamia zosterophora

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Common name(s): Hookfin Cardinalfish

Latin name: Apogon griffini

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Cardinalfish-Narrowlined Cardinalfish-Archamia-fucata_P5112759_

Common name(s): Narrowlined Cardinalfish; Orangelined cardinalfish

Latin name: Archamia fucata

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

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Cardinalfish_Orbicular_Sphaeramia-orbicularis_IMG_7824.jpg

Common name(s): Orbicular Cardinalfish; Orbiculate Cardinalfish

Latin name: Sphaeramia orbicularis

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Cardinalfish_Pyjama-AKA-Pajama_Sphaeramia-nematoptera_IMG_2913_.jpg

Common name(s): Pyjama Cardinalfish; Pajama Cardinalfish; Coral Cardinalfish; Polkadot Cardinalfish

Latin name: Sphaeramia nematoptera

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Cardinalfish_Split-Banded-Cardinalfish_Ostorhinchus-compressus_IMG_2273.jpg

Common name(s): Split-Banded Cardinalfish; Ochre-Striped Cardinalfish

Latin name: Ostorhinchus compressus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Common name(s): Spotgill Cardinalfish

Latin name: Apogon chrysopomus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Cardinalfish_White-Saddled-Cardinalfish_Apogon-ventrifasciatus_P1273729_.JPG

Common name(s): White Saddled Cardinalfish

Latin name: Apogon ventrifasciatus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Catfish_Striped-Eel-Catfish_Plotosus-lineatus_IMG_7553.JPG Catfish_Striped-Eel-Catfish_Plotosus-lineatus_P4291819.JPG

Common name(s): Striped Eel Catfish

Latin name: Plotosus lineatus

Comment: Have highly venomous dorsal and pectoral fins.  Juveniles form a shape-shifting “ball” to imitate a large fish (and prevent attack).

Pictures from: Moalboal; Banda Islands, Ang Thong

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Common name(s): Brassy Chub

Latin name: Kyphosus vaigiensis

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Redang

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Chub_Topsail-Drummer-AKA-Blue-Sea-Chub_Kyphosus-cinerascens_P4092841_.jpg

Common name(s): Topsail Drummer, Blue Sea Chub; Highfin Rudderfish

Latin name: Kyphosus cinerascens

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Cobia_Cobia_Rachycentron-canadum_P1176398__.jpg

Common name(s): Cobia; Crabeater

Latin name: Rachycentron canadum

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Coral Cod

Latin name: Cephalopholis miniata

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Crocodilefish

Latin name: Cymbacephalus beauforti

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Malbul

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Damselfish_Andaman-Damsel_Pomacentrus-alleni_P1253353_.JPG

Common name(s): Andaman Damsel

Latin name: Pomacentrus alleni

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Chromis_Black-Axil_Chromis-atripectoralis_PB300815_.JPG

Common name(s): Black Axil Chromis Damselfish

Latin name: Chromis atripectoralis

Comment: Has a black blotch at the base of the pectoral fin

Picture from: Rawi

Also seen at: Kapas

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Species_Fish_Damselfish_Blackbar-Damselfish-AKA-Dicks-Damsel_Plectroglyphidodon-dickii_P7105746

Common name(s): Blackbar Damselfish; Dick’s Damsel

Latin name: Plectroglyphidodon dickii

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Black Damselfish; Bowtie Damselfish

Latin name: Neoglyphidodon melas

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Kecil, Sapi

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Black-Tail-Dascyllus_Dascyllus-melanurus_P4113469_.JPG

Common name(s): Black Tail Dascyllus; Blacktail Damselfish,

Latin name: Dascyllus melanurus

Comment: Similar to Dascyllus aruanus, but melanurus has black tail

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Blueback-Damselfish_Pomacentrus-simsiang_P4092780_.JPG

Common name(s): Blueback Damselfish

Latin name: Pomacentrus simsiang

Comment: Picture: Juvenile

Picture from: Surins

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Damselfish_Blue-Damselfish-Andaman-variation_Pomacentrus-pavo_P4051844_.JPG

Common name(s): Blue Damselfish Andaman variation

Latin name: Pomacentrus pavo

Comment: Andaman variation has black margins on Dorsal and Anal fins

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Blue Devil Damselfish (MAYBE)

Latin name: Chrysiptera cyanea

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Moalboal

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Bluespot-Damselfish_Pomacentrus-grammorhynchus_IMG_3076.jpg

Common name(s): Bluespot Damselfish; Orange-tail Damsel

Latin name: Pomacentrus grammorhynchus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Dusky-Gregory_Stegastes-nigricans_P8180052_P1012274.jpg

Common name(s): Dusky Gregory; Dusky Damselfish

Latin name: Stegastes nigricans

Comment: White bar appears during courtship and nesting.

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Damselfish_Whitebar-Gregory-Damselfish_Stegastes-albifasciatus_IMG_5839_.jpg

Common name(s): Whitebar Gregory; Farmer Damsels

Latin name: Stegastes albifasciatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Damselfish_Golden-Damselfish_Amblyglyphidodon-aureus_P1278421__.jpg

Common name(s): Golden Damselfish

Latin name: Amblyglyphidodon aureus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Honeyhead-Damselfish_Dischistodus-prosopotaenia_IMG_7836.jpg

Common name(s): Honeyhead Damselfish; Honey-Breasted Damselfish

Latin name: Dischistodus prosopotaenia

Comment: Usually has a white breast, but there is also a yellow-breasted variant with a black blotch on each side.

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Banded-Damselfish_Dischistodus-fasciatus_IMG_3054.jpg

Common name(s): Humbug Dascyllus; Whitetail Dascyllus; Humbug Damselfish; Banded Humbug; Black and White Damselfish; Three-Stripe Damselfish

Latin name: Dascyllus aruanus

Comment: Large white spot between eyes, black ventral fin. “Humbug” is usued for several species

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Damselfish_Indian-Dascyllus_Dascyllus-carneus_P1263428_.JPG

Common name(s): Indian Dascyllus; Cloudy Dascyllus

Latin name: Dascyllus carneus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Javanese-Damselfish-Juvenile_Neoglyphidodon-oxyodon_P7095636.JPG

Common name(s): Javanese Damselfish ; Neon Velvet Damsel; Black Velvet Damselfish

Latin name: Neoglyphidodon oxyodon

Comment: Picture – Juvenile

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Jewel-Damselfish_Plectroglyphidodon-lacrymatus_P7054987.jpg

Common name(s): Jewel Damselfish; Whitespotted Devil

Latin name: Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Lemon-Damselfish_Pomacentrus-moluccensis_P4133849_.JPG

Common name(s): Lemon Damselfish

Latin name: Pomacentrus moluccensis

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Damselfish_Monarch-Damselfish-Juvenile_Dischistodus-pseudochrysopoecilus_P8048514 Damselfish_Monarch-Damselfish_Dischistodus-pseudochrysopoecilus_P1263435_.JPG

Common name(s): Monarch Damselfish

Latin name: Dischistodus pseudochrysopoecilus

Comment: Pictures: Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Tanjung Karang, Adang

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Palespot Damsel

Latin name: Dischistodus chrysopoecilus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Philippine-Damselfish_Pomacentrus-philippinus_P4062006_.JPG

Common name(s): Philippine Damselfish

Latin name: Pomacentrus philippinus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Demoiselle-Regal_Neopomacentrus-cyanomos_IMG_2964_.jpg

Common name(s): Regal Demoiselle

Latin name: Neopomacentrus cyanomos

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Reticulated-Dascyllus_Dascyllus-reticulatus_P7297341.JPG

Common name(s): Reticulated Dascyllus; Humbugs

Latin name: Dascyllus reticulatus

Comment: Looks similar to Indian Damsel. The name “Humbug” is used for several different species.

Picture from: Togeans

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Bengal Sergeant Major Damselfish

Latin name: Abudefduf bengalensis

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Sergeant-Major-Indo-Pacific_Abudefduf-vaigiensis_P1152602_.jpg

Common name(s): Indo Pacific Sergeant Major

Latin name: Abudefduf vaigiensis

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Scissortail Sergeant Major Damselfish

Latin name: Abudefduf sexfasciatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Yellowtail-Sergeant-Damselfish_Abudefduf-notatus_P4154375_.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowtail Sergeant Damselfish

Latin name: Abudefduf notatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Similar Damsel (MAYBE)

Latin name: Pomacentrus similis

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Moalboal

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Threespot-Dascyllus-Juvenile_Dascyllus-trimaculatus_P4062053_.JPG

Common name(s): Three spot Dascylllus; Domino Damsel

Latin name: Dascyllus trimaculatus

Comment: Picture – Juvenile. Spots get smaller with age

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Damselfish_Whitebelly-Damselfish-AKA-Yellowbelly-Damselfish_Amblyglyphidodon-leucogaster_IMG_7603

Common name(s):   Whitebelly Damselfish; Yellowbelly Damselfish

Latin name: Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_White-Damsel_Dischistodus-perspicilliatus_P1258043_.JPG

Common name(s): White Damsel; Black-vent Damsel

Latin name: Dischistodus perspicillatus

Comment: Protective of territory and will charge aggressively at much bigger animals (you!).

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Damselfish_Whitetail-Damselfish-Juvenile_Pomacentrus-chrysurus_PC041388_.jpg Damselfish_Whitetail-Damselfish_Pomacentrus-chrysurus_P4051872_.jpg

Common name(s): Whitetail Damselfish

Latin name: Pomacentrus chrysurus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Juvi – Bulon; Adult – Surins

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Damselfish_Yellowtail-Damselfish-AKA-Behns-Damsel_Neoglyphiodonon-nigroris_P4082594_ Species_Fish_Damselfish_Yellowtail-Damselfish-AKA-Behns-Damselfish-Adult_Neoglyphidodon-nigroris_P1018665

Common name(s): Yellowtail Damselfish; Behns Damsel

Latin name: Neoglyphiodonon nigroris

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Surins, Wakatobi

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Damselfish_Yellowtail-Demoiselle_Nepomacentrus-azysron_P4051789.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowtail Demoiselle

Latin name: Nepomacentrus azysron

Comment: Has dark ‘ear’ spot.

Picture from: Surins

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Dartfish_Fire-Dartfish_Nemateleotris-magnifica_IMG_7630_.jpg

Common name(s): Fire Dartfish; Red Fire-goby; Red Firefish; Fire Wormfish; Magnificent Firefish

Latin name: Nemateleotris magnifica

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Dartfish_Twotone-Dartfish_Ptereleotris-evides_IMG_9244.jpg

Common name(s): Twotone Dartfish; Blackfin Dartfish

Latin name: Ptereleotris evides

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Devilfish_Comet_Calloplesiops-altivelis_IMG_0830.jpg

Common name(s): Comet; Marine Betta

Latin name: Calloplesiops altivelis

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Dottyback_Firetail-Dottyback_Labracinus-cyclophthalmus_IMG_3511.jpg

Common name(s): Firetail Dottyback; Fire-tail devil

Latin name: Labracinus cyclophthalmus

Comment: Has many varied colour schemes.

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Dottyback_Splendid-Dottyback_Manonichthys-splendens_IMG_1994_.jpg

Common name(s): Splendid Dottyback

Latin name: Manonichthys splendens

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Dottybacks_Whitebar-Dottyback_Labracinus-sp_IMG_3503.jpg Dottybacks_Whitebar-Dottyback_Labracinus-sp_IMG_3237.jpg

Common name(s): Whitebar Dottyback

Latin name: Labracinus sp

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Snapper_Bream_Humpnose-Big-Eye-Bream-juvi_Monotaxis-heterodon_IMG_7931.jpg

Common name(s): Humpnose Big-Eye Bream

Latin name: Monotaxis heterodon

Comment: The difference from Monotaxis grandoculis (next) is small and somewhat debated

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Species_Fish_Snapper_Bream_Humpnose-Bigeye-Bream-(sub-adult)_Monotaxis-grandoculis_IMG_8297 Species_Fish_Emperor_Emperor_Bigeye-Bream-AKA-Humpnose-Emperor-AKA-Bigeye-Emperor_Monotaxis-grandoculis_P4113509_

Common name(s): Bigeye Bream; Humpnose Emperor; Bigeye Emperor

Latin name: Monotaxis grandoculis

Comment: Pictures: Intermediate, Adult

Picture from: Banda Islands, Surins

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Snapper_Longface-Emperor_Lethrinus-olivaceus_IMG_0339_.jpg

Common name(s): Longface Emperor; Long-nosed emperor;

Latin name: Lethrinus olivaceus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Emperor_Emperor_Thumbprint-Emperor_Lethrinus-harak_P1207306__.jpg

Common name(s): Thumbprint Emperor; Blackspot Emperor

Latin name: Lethrinus harak

Comment: The orange band around the black blotch is exclusive to the Indian Ocean variation

Picture from: Ngai

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Emperor_Emperor_Yellowfin-Emperor_Lethrinus-erythracanthus_P4113550_.jpg

Common name(s): Yellowfin Emperor; Orangefin Emperor; Orange spotted Emperor

Latin name: Lethrinus erythracanthus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Snapper_Yellowlip-Emperor_Lethrinus-xanthochilus_IMG_8508.jpg

Common name(s): Yellowlip Emperor

Latin name: Lethrinus xanthochilus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Filefish_Mimic-Filefish_Paraluteres-prionurus_IMG_7736.jpg

Common name(s): Mimic Filefish; Blacksaddle Mimic; Mimic Leatherjacket; Blacksaddle Toby Mimic; False Puffer

Latin name: Paraluteres prionurus

Comment: Looks like Black-Saddled Toby (Canthigaster valentini)

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Filefish_Orange-Spotted-Filefish_Oxymonacanthus-longirostris_P6274470.jpg

Common name(s): Orange Spotted Filefish; Long-nosed Filefish; Orange-spotted Filefish; Coral Filefish; Harlequin Filefish

Latin name: Oxymonacanthus longirostris

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Common name(s): Scribbled Filefish; Scrawled Filefish

Latin name: Aluterus scriptus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Filefish_Strapweed-Filefish_Pseudomonacanthus-macrurus_P8048465.JPG

Common name(s): Strapweed Filefish; Strapweed Leatherjacket; Small-spotted Leatherjacket

Latin name: Pseudomonacanthus macrurus

Comment: Identified by a dark patch behind and below eye.

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Species_Fish_Filefish_Unicorn-Filefish-AKA-Unicorn-Leatherjacket_Aluterus-monoceros_P4154403_

Common name(s): Unicorn Filefish; Unicorn Leatherjacket

Latin name: Aluterus monoceros

Comment: Often found around floating debris

Picture from: Similans

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Species_Fish_Filefish_Wirenet-Filefish-AKA-Honeycomb-Leatherjacket_Cantherhines-pardalis_P7276862 Species_Fish_Filefish_Wirenet-Filefish-AKA-Honeycomb-Leatherjacket_Cantherhines-pardalis_P7075239

Common name(s): Wirenet Filefish; Honeycomb Leatherjacket; Unicorn Leatherjacket.

Latin name: Cantherhines pardalis

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Togeans, Bunaken

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Filefish_Yelloweye-Filefish_Cantherhines-dumerilii_P8150179_P1018588.jpg

Common name(s): Yelloweye Filefish; Yelloweye Leatherjacket

Latin name: Cantherhines dumerilii

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Flathead_Platycephalidae-sp_P1132456_.JPG

Common name(s): Flathead

Latin name: Platycephalidae sp

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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flagtail_barred-flagtail_kuhlia-mugi

Common name(s): Barred Flagtail

Latin name: Kuhlia mugil

Comment: Juveniles often inhabit rocky tide pools

Picture from: Similans

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Flounder_Peacock-flounder_Bothus-mancus_IMG_8361.jpg

Common name(s): Peacock flounder

Latin name: Bothus mancus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Flutemouth_Smooth-flutemouth_Fistularia-commersonii_P7034790 Bunaken.JPG

Common name(s): Smooth flutemouth; Cornetfish

Latin name: Fistularia commersonii

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Bunaken

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Fusilier_Yellowback-Fusilier_Caesio-Xanthonota_P4154299_.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowback Fusilier

Latin name: Caesio Xanthonota

Comment: Easily confused with Caesio teres. Common-names often confusing. The yellow back on Xanthonota is usually more intense and starts further forward.

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Yellowtail Fusilier; Deepbodied Fusilier

Latin name: Caesio cuning

Comment: Yellow colouring on tail only

Picture from: Mook

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Species_Fish_Fusilier_Blue-and-Yellow-Fusilier-AKA-Yellow-tail-Fusilier-AKA-Yellow-and-Blueback-Fusilier_Caesio-teres_P4133845_Surin

Common name(s): Blue and Yellow Fusilier; Yellow tail Fusilier; Yellow and Blueback Fusilier

Latin name: Caesio teres

Comment: Easily confused with Caesio xanthonota. Common-names often confusing. The yellow back on Caesio teres is usually less intense and starts further back than on xanthonota. Also confused with cuning, which has yellow coloring on tail only.

Picture from: Surins

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Fusilier_Bluestreak-Fusilier_Pterocaesio-tile_P6274522.jpg

Common name(s): Bluestreak Fusilier; Dark-Banded Fusilier; Neon Fusilier

Latin name: Pterocaesio tile

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Fusilier_Lunar-Fusilier_Caesio-Lunaris_P4082554_.JPG

Common name(s): Lunar Fusilier

Latin name: Caesio Lunaris

Comment: Common schoolers

Picture from: Surins

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Fusilier_Randalls-Fusilier_Pterocaesio-randalli_P8120087_P1018612.jpg

Common name(s): Randall’s Fusilier

Latin name: Pterocaesio randalli

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Common name(s): Goldband Fusilier

Latin name: Pterocaesio chrysozona

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Fusliers_Narrowstripe-Fusiliers_Pterocaesio-tessellata_P4113510_.jpg

Common name(s): Narrowstripe Fusiliers

Latin name: Pterocaesio tessellata

Comment: Easily confused with Wideband fusilier – Pterocaesio lativittata

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Twinstripe Fusilier

Latin name: Pterocaesio marri

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Malbul

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Fusiliers_Variable-Lined-Fusilier_Caesio-varilineata_P2029863_.JPG

Common name(s): Variable Lined Fusilier

Latin name: Caesio varilineata

Comment: Has 2-6 yellow stripes

Picture from: Rork

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Goatfish_Dash-Dot-Goatfish_Parupeneus-barberinus_P1247769_.JPG

Common name(s): Dash Dot Goatfish

Latin name: Parupeneus barberinus

Comment: Can have a yellow stripe on upper back

Picture from: Rork

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Goatfish_Doublebar-Goatfish-Phase_Parupeneus-bifasciatus_PA190054.jpg

Common name(s): Doublebar Goatfish; Indian Doublebar Goatfish; Two-Barred Goatfish; Two-Saddle Goatfish

Latin name: Parupeneus bifasciatus

Comment: Can rapidly change between Yellow, White and Purple. Ususally purple when resting.

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Goatfish_Freckled-Goatfish_Upeneus-tragula_P1132440 Adang.JPG

Common name(s): Freckled Goatfish

Latin name: Upeneus tragula

Comment: Variable mottling of brown/red spots. Changes to red all over when sleeping or when being cleaned.

Picture from: Adang

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Goatfish_Many-bar-Goatfish_Parupeneus-multifasciatus_P8038072.JPG

Common name(s): Many-bar Goatfish; Many-banded Goatfish

Latin name: Parupeneus multifasciatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Goatfish_Yellowfin-Goatfish_Mulloidchthys-vanicolensis_P1319029_.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowfin Goatfish

Latin name: Mulloidchthys vanicolensis

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

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Species_Fish_Goatfish-Yellow-Saddle Goatfish-Juvenile_Parupeneus-cyclostomus_P4210343 Goatfish-Yellow-Saddle Goatfish_Parupeneus-cyclostomus_P4282057_ SnS 336.jpg

Common name(s): Yellow Saddle Goatfish, Gold Saddle Goatfish

Latin name: Parupeneus cyclostomus

Comment: Pictures Juvenile; Adult. Juveniles are Yellow/Gold. Some adults become blue. Striations around eyes.

Picture from: Surins, Similan

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Goatfish_Yellowstripe-Goatfish_Mulloidichthys-flavolineatus_P7297298.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowstripe Goatfish

Latin name: Mulloidichthys flavolineatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

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Gobies_Banded-Goby_Amblygobius-phalaena_P8048508.JPG

Common name(s): Banded Goby; Gobies; Banded Sleeper Goby; Dragon Goby

Latin name: Amblygobius phalaena

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Species_Fish_Gobies_Lemon-Coral-Goby-AKA-Citron-Clown-Goby-AKA-Poison-Goby_Gobiodon-citrinus_P8048220

Common name(s): Lemon Coral Goby; Citron Clown Goby; Poison Goby; Yellow Citron Goby; Gum Drop Goby; Saffron Goby; Fourbar Goby

Latin name: Gobiodon citrinus

Comment: Picture – dark variation. Usually yellow coloured. Mucus is toxic, hence name ‘Poison Goby”.

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Gobies_Orange-Striped-Goby_Amblygobius-decussatus_IMG_3102.jpg

Common name(s): Orange Striped Goby; Crosshatch Goby

Latin name: Amblygobius decussatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Gobies_Sleeper-Banded-Goby_Amblygobius-phalaena_P5063047_.jpg

Common name(s): Sleeper Banded Goby

Latin name: Amblygobius phalaena

Comment: Kudos to Whats that Fish for the id

Picture from: Tao

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Common name(s): Steinz Shrimpgoby (with alpheid shrimp)

Latin name: Amblyeleotris steinitzi

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Turtle Island

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Common name(s): Blacktipped Grouper; Blacktipped Rockcod

Latin name: Epinephelus fasciatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Pha Ngan

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Common name(s): Bluelined Grouper

Latin name: Cephalopholis formosa

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kapas

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Common name(s): Brown Marbled Grouper

Latin name: Epinephelus fuscoguttatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Common name(s): Chocolate Grouper

Latin name: Cephalopholis boenak

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

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Common name(s): Cloudy Grouper

Latin name: Epinephelus erythrurus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Grouper_Flagtail-Grouper-AKA-V-tail-Grouper_Cephalopholis-urodeta_P7095548.jpg

Common name(s): Flagtail Grouper; V-tail Grouper; Darkfin Hind Grouper; Banded-tail Coral Cod

Latin name: Cephalopholis urodeta

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Common name(s): Longfin Grouper

Latin name: Epinephelus quoyanus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Species_Fish_Grouper_Masked-Grouper-AKA-Thinspine-Grouper-juvi_Gracila-albomarginata_IMG_8693 Species_Fish_Grouper_Masked-Grouper-AKA-Thinspine-Grouper-intermediate_Gracila-albomarginata_IMG_9581 Species_Fish_Grouper_Masked-Grouper-AKA-Thinspine-Grouper_Gracila-albomarginata_IMG_5872_

Common name(s): Masked Grouper; Thinspine Grouper; Window Grouper; White-margined Grouper

Latin name: Gracila albomarginata

Comment: Pictures: Juvenile, Intermediate, Adult

Pictures from: Banda Islands

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Species_Fish_Grouper_Red-Coral-Grouper-AKA-Coral-Hind_Cephalopholis-miniata-juvenile_P4113589_Surin_ Grouper_Red-Coral-Grouper-AKA-Coral-Hind_Cephalopholis-miniata_P5022479_K_.jpg Grouper_Red-Coral-Grouper-AKA-Coral-Hind_Cephalopholis-miniata_P6174760_S.jpg

Common name(s): Coral-Grouper; Coral Hind, Coral Rock Cod

Latin name: Cephalopholis miniata

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile and two adults. Last one illustrates the occasional display of pale bars.

Picture from: Surins, Kradan, Sipadan

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Grouper_Panther-Grouper-AKA-Barramundi_Cromileptes-altivelis_IMG_3258_.jpg Species_Fish_Grouper_Panther-Grouper_Cromileptes-altivelis_P3134846.JPG

Common name(s): Panther-Grouper, Barramundi,

Latin name: Cromileptes altivelis

Comment:

Picture from: Raja Ampat, Langkawi Aquarium

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Species_Fish_Grouper_Slender-Grouper-AKA_White-Lined-Rockcod_Anyperodon-leucogrammicus_IMG_0501

Common name(s): Slender Grouper; White Lined Rockcod

Latin name: Anyperodon leucogrammicus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Grouper_Squaretail-Coral-Grouper_Plectropomus-areolatus_P4062004.JPG

Common name(s): Squaretail Coral Grouper; others

Latin name: Plectropomus areolatus

Comment:

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Whitestreaked Grouper

Latin name: Epinephelus ongus

Comment: Picture – Juvenile

Picture from: Lipe

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Grouper_Yellow-Edged-Lyretail_Variola-louti_IMG_0182.jpg Grouper_Yellow-Edged-Lyretail_Variola-louti_PA190059.jpg

Common name(s): Lyretail Grouper; Yellow-edged Lyretail Grouper; Louti Grouper; Luna-tailed Grouper; Moon Grouper; Coronation Cod; Yellow-edged Coronation Trout

Latin name: Variola louti

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Species_Fish_Hawkfish Arc-eye Hawkfish_Arc-eye-Hawkfish_Paracirrhites-arcatus_P6274370Hawkfish Paracirrhites arcatus 168 5 P6274370 Bunaken

Common name(s): Arc-Eye Hawkfish; Ring-Eyed Hawkfish;

Latin name: Paracirrhites arcatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Hawkfish_Freckled-Hawkfish_Paracirrhites-forsteri_P6274418.jpg

Common name(s): Freckled Hawkfish; Forster’s Hawkfish; Freckle Faced Hawkfish; Black-sided Hawkfish

Latin name: Paracirrhites forsteri

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Jacks_Queenfish_Doublespot-Queenfish_Scomberoides-lysan_IMG_8603.jpg

Common name(s): Doublespot Queenfish, Leatherback

Latin name: Scomberoides lysan

Comment: Blotches on side vary in intensity

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Jacks_Milkfish_Chanos-chanos_P4220770.JPG

Common name(s): Milkfish

Latin name: Chanos chanos

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Similans

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Common name(s): Small spotted dart

Latin name: Trachinotus baillonii

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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jacks_snubnose-pompano_trachinotus-blochi_p406225

Common name(s): Snubnose Pompano

Latin name: Trachinotus blochi

Comment: There are 8 different species of Pompano, quite similar looking

Picture from: Surins

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Jacks_Rainbow-Runner_Elagatis-bipinnulatus_IMG_7561.jpg

Common name(s): Rainbow Runner; Blue-striped Runner

Latin name: Elagatis bipinnulatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Jacks_Queenfish_Talang-Queenfish_Scomberoides-commersonnianus_P5022407_.jpg

Common name(s): Talang Queenfish

Latin name: Scomberoides commersonnianus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

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Jacks_Scad_Yellowtail-scad_Alute-mate_P1152612_ Adang.jpg

Common name(s): Yellowtail scad

Latin name: Alute mate

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Adang

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Species_Fish_Jacks_Trevally_Bigeye-Trevally_Caranx-sexfasciatus_P5204002_.jpg

Common name(s): Bigeye Trevally

Latin name: Caranx sexfasciatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Mook

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jacks_trevally_bluefin-trevally_caranx-melampygus_p4062209

Common name(s): Bluefin Trevally

Latin name: Caranx melampygus

Comment: Distinctive silvery blue-green colouration

Picture from: Surins

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jacks_trevally_blue-trevally-aka-bar-trevally_carangoides-ferdau_p1217533

Common name(s): Blue Trevally; Bar Trevally; Bar Jack

Latin name: Carangoides ferdau

Comment: Often called “Bar Trevally”, Can have strong yellow coloration.

Picture from: Ngai

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Jacks_Trevally_Coachwhip-Trevally_Carangoides-oblongus_IMG_8620_.jpg

Common name(s): Coachwhip Trevally; Oblong Trevally

Latin name: Carangoides oblongus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Jacks_Trevally_Giant-Trevally_Caranx-ignobilis_IMG_1046_.jpg

Common name(s): Giant Trevally; Giant Kingfish

Latin name: Caranx ignobilis

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Jacks_Trevally-Golden_Gnathanodon-speciosus_P1253373_.jpg

Common name(s): Golden Trevally; Golden Kingfish; Banded Trevally; Golden Jack

Latin name: Gnathanodon speciosus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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Jacks_Trevally_Orange-Spotted-Trevally_Carangoides-bajad_IMG_0416.jpg Species_Fish_Jacks_Trevally_Orange-Spotted-Trevally-(variation)_Carangoides-bajad_PA190033

Common name(s): Orange-spotted Trevally; Gold-spotted Trevally; Orange-spotted Jack

Latin name: Carangoides bajad

Comment:  Second picture is a variation to the usual form

Pictures from: Raja Ampat

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Species_Fish_Jacks_Trevally_Silver-Trevally_Pseudocaranx-dentex_P8061833.JPG

Common name(s): Silver-Trevally

Latin name: Pseudocaranx-dentex

Comment:

Picture from: Perhentians

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lionfish_common-lionfish_pterois-volitans

Common name(s): Common Lionfish; Red Lionfish

Latin name: Pterois volitans

Comment: White and red, sometimes black and white colouration. Juveniles black and white. Featherlike pectoral fins. Often have dots on dorsal and tail fins. Has a chamber of toxin in centre of body feeding all the sharp spines on tips of fins. Stings severe – poison breaks down with heat, so treat with very hot water.

Picture from: Kradan

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Lionfish_Common-Lionfish_Pterois-volitans_P5022613_.JPGSpecies_Fish_Lionfish_Spotfin-Lionfish_Pterios-antennnata_PC180506_

Common name(s): Spotfin Lionfish

Latin name: Pterios antennnata

Comment: Spots are at the base of pectoral fins; Long spines on Pectoral fins are not connected; has ‘antennae”

Picture from: Moalboal

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Common name(s): Grey streak lizardfish

Latin name: Synodus dermatogenys

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Lizardfish_Sandperch_Latticed-Sandperch_Parapercis-clathrata_P7014589.JPG

Common name(s): Latticed Sandperch

Latin name: Parapercis clathrata

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Common name(s): Long Jawed Mackerel

Latin name: Rastrelliger kanagurta

Comment: Jaws open wide for feeding.

Picture from: Kapas

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Common name(s): Mackerel

Latin name: Unknown

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kapas

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Species_Fish_Mullet_Diamond-Scale-Mullet-AKA-Squaretail-Mullet_Ellochelon-vaigiensis_IMG_3134_

Common name(s): Diamond-scale Mullet;  Squaretail Mullet

Latin name: Ellochelon vaigiensis

Comment: Black pectoral fins

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Common name(s): Reef Needlefish

Latin name: Strongylura incisa

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Manukan, Kecil

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Common name(s): Clarkes Anemonefish

Latin name: Ampihiprion clarkii

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

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Common name(s): False Clown Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion percula

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Manukan

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Nemo_Anemonefish_Orange-Anemonefish_Amphiprion-sandaracinos_P7276802.JPG

Common name(s): Orange Anemonefish; Orange Skunk Clownfish

Latin name: Amphiprion sandaracinos

Comment: Identified by a white line starting at lip.

Picture from: Togeans

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Common name(s): Pink Skunk Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion perideraion

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Besar

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Common name(s): Red and Black Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion melanopus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

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Nemos-Saddeback-Anemonefish_Amphiprion-polymnus_IMG_1637.jpg

Common name(s): Saddleback Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion polymnus

Comment:

Picture from: Kapas

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Common name(s): Skunk Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion alkallopisos

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Nemo_Anemonefish_Spinecheek-Anemonefish_Premnas-biaculeatus_P7095529.JPG

Common name(s): Spinecheek Anemonefish; Spinecheek Clownfish; Maroon Clownfish

Latin name: Premnas biaculeatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Species_Fish_Nemo_Tomato-Anemonefish-M-_Amphiprion-frenatus_PC180445.JPG

Common name(s): Tomato Anemonefish

Latin name: Amphiprion frenatus

Comment: Pictures – Male, Female

Picture from: Moalboal, Sapi

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Species_Fish_Parrotfish_Bicolour-Parrotfish-Juvenile-Phase_Cetoscarus-bicolor_P6274502

Common name(s): Bicolour Parrotfish

Latin name: Cetoscarus bicolor

Comment: Photo is Juvenile Phase

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at: Ngai

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Common name(s): Bluebarred Parrotfish

Latin name: Scarus ghobban

Comment: Female

Picture from: Kapas

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Common name(s): Bullethead Parrotfish Red

Latin name: Chlorurus sordidus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Besar, Turtle Island

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Common name(s): Bullethead Parrotfish Purple

Latin name: Chlorurus sordidus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from:

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Common name(s): Bullethead Parrotfish

Latin name: Chlorurus sordidus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from:

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Common name(s): Bumphead Parrotfish; Humphead Parrotfish

Latin name: Bolbometopon muricatum

Comment: Grows to 1.3m 45kg

Picture from: Rawa

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Common name(s): Parrotfish Family Scaridae

Latin name: Parrotfish Family Scaridae

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Common name(s): Red-Lip Parrotfish

Latin name: Scarus rubroviolaceus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

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Common name(s): Yellow Barred Parrotfish

Latin name: Scarus dimidiatus

Comment: Left picture is the younger (initial) phase

Pictures from: Redang, Kecil

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Common name(s): Messmate Pipefish

Latin name: Corythoichthys intestinalis

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Moalboal

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Pipefish_Reeftop-Pipefish_Corythoichthys-haematopterus_P4051899_

Common name(s): Reeftop Pipefish

Latin name: Corythoichthys haematopterus

Comment: White edged, pink-red tail

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Ringed Pipefish

Latin name: Doryrhamphus dacttyliophorus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Moalboal

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Common name(s): PorcupineFish

Latin name: Diodon hystrix

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kradan

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Porcupinefish_Black-Blotched-Porcupinefish_Diodon-liturosus_P1132442_.JPG

Common name(s): Black blotched porcupinefish

Latin name: Diodon liturosus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Adang

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Species_Fish_Pufferfish_Blackspotted-Pufferfish-Variation_Arothron-nigropunctatus_PB300810_

Common name(s): Blackspotted Pufferfish

Latin name: Aothon nigropunctanus

Comment: Grey colouration (first picture) is common. The others are variations.

Picture from: Malbul, Lipe, Moalboal, Rawi

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Common name(s): Map Pufferfish

Latin name: Arothron mappa

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

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Pufferfish_Striped-Pufferfish_Arothron-manilensis_P8180063_P1012288.jpg

Common name(s): Striped Pufferfish; Narrow-lined Pufferfish; Narrow-lined Toadfish; Narrow-lined Burrfish

Latin name: Arothron manilensis

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Species_Fish_Pufferfish_Toby_Crown_Crown-Toby-AKA-Crowned-Puffer_Canthigaster-coronata_P6274441

Common name(s): Crown Toby; Crowned Puffer; Crowned Sharpnose Puffer;

Latin name: Canthigaster coronata

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Species_Fish_Pufferfish_Toby_Spotted_Spotted-Toby-AKA-Indian-Toby_Cathigaster-solandri_P8048233

Common name(s): Spotted Toby; Indian Toby; Solander’s Toby; Netted Toby; Spotted Toby; Spotted Sharp-nose Toby

Latin name: Cathigaster solandri

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Pufferfish_White-Spotted-Pufferfish_Arothon-hispidus_P8180031_P1012248.jpg Pufferfish_White-Spotted-Pufferfish_Arothron-hispidus_P8170035_P1018557.jpg Pufferfish_White-Spotted-Pufferfish_Arothron-hispidus_IMG_0268.jpg

Common name(s): White Spotted Pufferfish

Latin name: Arothon hispidus

Comment: _To Follow_

Pictures from: Wakatobi, Raja Ampat

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Xxx Picture to follow

Common name(s): Blackeye Rabbitfish

Latin name: Signus puelloides

Comment: Blue base colour with yellow spots. Easily confused with Coral Rabbitfish (Siganus corallinus).

Picture from:

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Rabbitfish_Coral-Rabbitfish_Siganus-corallinus_P4051828_.JPG Rabbitfish_Coral-Rabbitfish_Siganus-corallinus-stretch_P1135419_.jpg

Common name(s): Coral Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus corallinus

Comment: Yellow-orange base colour with numerous blue spots. Adults usually in pairs, juveniles in schools. Easily confused with Black-eyed Rabbitfish (Siganus puelloides) which has blue base colour with yellow spots

Picture from: Surin, Ngai

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Common name(s): Foxface Rabbitfish; Longnosed Coral Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus vulpinus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Common name(s): Gold Saddle Rabbitfish; Yellow Spotted Rabbitfish; Golden Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus guttatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

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Rabbitfish_Honeycomb-Rabbitfish-AKA-Stellate-Rabbitfish_Siganus-stellatus_P4082612_

Common name(s): Honeycomb Rabbitfish; Stellate Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus stellatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Java Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus javus

Comment: Has venom on spiney fins.

Picture from: Lipe

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Rabbitfish_Lined-Rabbitfish_Siganus-lineatus_P1162692_.JPG

Common name(s): Lined Rabbitfish; Golden-lined spinefoot

Latin name: Siganus lineatus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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Rabbitfish_Magnificent-Rabbitfish_Siganus-magnificus_P4082557_.jpg

Common name(s): Magnificent Rabbitfish; Andaman Foxface

Latin name: Siganus magnificus

Comment: West-Andaman only

Picture from: Surins

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Rabbitfish_Masked-Rabbitfish-AKA-Masked-Spinefoot_Siganus-puellus_P8048197.JPG

Common name(s): Masked Rabbitfish; Masked Spinefoot

Latin name: Siganus puellus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Rabbitfish_Peppered-Spinefoot_Siganus-punctatissimus_IMG_0382.jpg

Common name(s): Peppered Spinefoot; Fine Spotted Rabbitfish; Peppered Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus punctatissimus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Rabbitfish_Spotted-Rabbitfish_Siganus-punctatus_P7095623.JPG

Common name(s): Spotted Rabbitfish; Gold-spotted Rabbitfish; Yellow-spotted Rabbitfish; Coral Rabbitfish; Yellow-spotted Spinefoot; Streamlined Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus punctatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Rabbitfish_Vermiculate-Rabbitfish_Signanus-vermiculatus_P2029796_.jpg

Common name(s): Vermiculate Rabbitfish; Vermiculated Spinefoot Rabbitfish

Latin name: Signanus vermiculatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

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Common name(s): Virgate Rabbitfish

Latin name: Siganus virgatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Species_Fish_Razorfish_Aeoliscus-strigatus_PC210859

Common name(s): Razorfish; Shrimpfish

Latin name: Aeoliscus strigatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Moalboal

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Scat_Spotted-Scat_Scatophagus-argus_P8048193.JPG

Common name(s): Spotted Scat

Latin name: Scatophagus argus

Comment: Occurs in harbours estuaries and lower reaches of rivers, can tolerate a range of salinity

Picture from: Tanjung Karang

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Scorpionfish_Tassled-Scorpionfish_Scorpaenopsis-oxycephala_P5022577_.JPG Species_Fish_Scorpionfish_Tassled-Scorpionfish_Scorpaenopsis-oxycephala_P8160077_P1018533

Common name(s): Tassled Scorpionfish

Latin name: Scorpaenopsis oxycephala

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Kradan, Wakatobi

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Common name(s): Blacktip Reef Shark

Latin name: Carcharhinus melanopterus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

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Shark_Epaulette-Shark_Hemiscyllium-freycineti_IMG_3275_.jpg

Common name(s): Epaulette Shark; Walking Shark; Indonesian Speckled Carpetshark

Latin name: Hemiscyllium freycineti

Comment: A member of the Bamboo Shark family.  Only know in Raja Ampat, East Indonesia

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Common name(s): Leopardshark

Latin name: Stegostoma fasciatum

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: A pet shop in Hat Yai !

Also seen at: I have never seen one while snorkelling.

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shark_whitetip-reef-shark_triaenodon-obesus

Common name(s): Whitetip Reef Shark

Latin name: Triaenodon obesus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Similans

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Sharksucker_Echeneis-naucrates_P4092860_.JPG

Common name(s): Sharksucker

Latin name: Echeneis naucrates

Comment: Push forward to release its grip

Picture from: Surins

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Common name(s): Bridled Monacle Bream

Latin name: Scolopsis bilineatus

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Lipe, Kecil

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Common name(s): Pearly Monocle Bream

Latin name: Scolopsis margaritifera

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Ngai

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Snapper_Lattice-Monocle-Bream_Scolopsis-taeniopterus_P1253385_.JPG

Common name(s): Lattice Monocle Bream

Latin name: Scolopsis taeniopterus

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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Bream_Whitecheek-Monocle-Bream_Scolopsis-Vosmeri_P1152489_.JPG

Common name(s): Whitecheek Monocle Bream

Latin name: Scolopsis vosmeri

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Snapper_Bream_Striped-Large-Eye-Bream_Gnathodentex-aureolineatus_IMG_5699.jpg

Common name(s): Striped-Large-Eye-Bream; Gold-spot Emperor; Yellow-spot Emperor

Latin name: Gnathodentex aureolineatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Species_Fish_Snapper_Bream_Monocle_Three-Lined-Monocle-Bream_Scolopsis-trilineatus_P8150106_P1018640

Common name(s): Three-Lined Monocle Bream

Latin name: Scolopsis trilineatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Snapper_Coral-Bream_Green-Jobfish_Aprion-virescens_P8130031_P1018554.jpg

Common name(s): Green Jobfish

Latin name: Aprion virescens

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Wakatobi

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Snapper_Bream_Smalltooth-Jobfish_Aphareus-furca_IMG_8160_.jpg

Common name(s): Smalltooth Jobfish

Latin name: Aphareus furca

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Snapper_Black-Snapper_Macolor-niger_P1186768_.JPG Snapper_Black-Snapper-Adult_Macolor-niger_P4092801_.JPG

Common name(s): Black Snapper

Latin name: Macolor niger

Comment: Pics: Juvenile and adult. Juvenile has distinctive black and white pattern with white tips on tail lobes. The Juvenile Midnight Snapper (Malcolor macularis) has similar colouring without the white tips.

Picture from: Ngai, Surins

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Snapper_Midnight-Snapper-juvenile_Macolor-macularis_IMG_5318.jpg Snapper_Midnight-Snapper_Macolor-macularis_P7297375.jpg Snapper_Midnight-Snapper-Adult_Macolor-macularis_IMG_8298.jpg

Common name(s): Midnight Snapper

Latin name: Macolor macularis

Comment: Juvenile’s pectorral fins can fold down to give that “Telstra satellite” look.  Pics: Juvenile, early Adult, Adult.

Picture from: Bandas, Togeans

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Snapper_Black-Banded-Snapper_Lutjanus-semicinctus_IMG_0432_.jpg

Common name(s): Black-Banded Snapper; Half-Barred Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus semicinctus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Snapper_Blacktail-Snapper_Lutjanus-fulvus_P4113459_ Surin.JPG

Common name(s): Blacktail Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus fulvus

Comment: Kudos to Whats that Fish for the id

Picture from: Adang

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Snapper_Blubberlip-Snapper-AKA-Scribbled-Snapper_Lutjanus-rivulatus_IMG_8708

Common name(s): Blubberlip Snapper; Scribbled Snapper; Maori Seaperch

Latin name: Lutjanus rivulatus

Comment: Similar to Lutjanus stelllatus which doesn’t have the blue lines on head and small white dots on the scales

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Common name(s): Checkered Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus decussatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kecil

Also seen at:

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Snapper-Five-lined-Snapper_Lutjanus-quinquelineatus_P1152601_.JPG

Common name(s): Five-lined-Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus quinquelineatus

Comment:

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Snapper_Humpback-Snapper_Lutjanus-gibbus_IMG_8651_.jpg

Common name(s): Humpback Snapper; Paddletail Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus gibbus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Snapper_Longspot-Snapper_Lutjanus-fulviflamma_P7044909.JPG

Common name(s): Longspot Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus fulviflamma

Comment: Looks similar to Blackspot snapper (Lutjanus ehrenbergii)

Picture from: Bunaken

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Snapper_One-Spot-Snapper_Lutjanus-monostigma_IMG_0224.jpg

Common name(s): One-Spot Snapper; Onespot Seaperch

Latin name: Lutjanus-monostigma

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Snapper_Red-Snapper-AKA-Twospot-Snapper-juvi_Lutjanus-bohar_P7287026.jpg Snapper_Red-Snapper-AKA-Twospot-Snapper_Lutjanus-bohar_IMG_9531.jpg

Common name(s): Red Snapper; Two-Spot Snapper; Red Bass

Latin name: Lutjanus bohar

Comment: Noticable groove in front of eye.  Juveniles have more pronounced white spots on back.

Picture from: Togeans, Banda Islands

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Common name(s): Russell’s Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus-russelli

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Mook

Also seen at:

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Snapper_Spanish-Flag-Snapper_Lutjanus-carponotatus_P7287212.JPG

Common name(s): Spanish Flag Snapper; Seaperch; Stripey Seaperch

Latin name: Lutjanus carponotatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

Also seen at:

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Snapper_Bream_Three-Striped-Whiptail_Pentapodus-trivittatus_IMG_2416.jpg Snapper_Three-striped-whiptail_Pentapodus-trivittatus_P7276929.JPG

Common name(s): Three-striped whiptail

Latin name: Pentapodus trivittatus

Comment: Second picture is a variation that only occurs in Central to NE Sulawesi.

Picture from: Raja Ampat, Togeans

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Two Spot Snapper

Latin name: Lutjanus bigattatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Sapi

Also seen at:

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Soapfish_Doublebanded- Soapfish_Diploprion-bifasciatum_PC051562_.jpg

Common name(s): Doublebanded Soapfish

Latin name: Diploprion bifasciatum

Comment: Likes turbid water

Picture from: Muk

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Squirrelfish

Latin name: Family Holocentridae

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

Also seen at:

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Squirrelfish_Tailspot-Squirrelfish_Sargocentron-caudimaculatum_P7095677.jpg

Common name(s): Tailspot Squirrelfish; Whitetail Squirrelfish

Latin name: Sargocentron caudimaculatum

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Reef stonefish

Latin name: Synanceia verrucosa

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Surgeonfish_Blackstreak-Surgeonfish-AKA-Black-Shoulder-Surgeonfish-AKA-Epaulette-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-nigricaudus_P4271924_Similan__

Common name(s): Blackstreak Surgeonfish; Black Shoulder Surgeonfish; Epaulette Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus nigricaudus

Comment: Distinctive black streak behind eye.

Picture from: Similan

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Black Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus Gahhm

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Mook

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Blue Tang; regal tang; palette surgeonfish; royal blue tang; hippo tang; flagtail surgeonfish; pacific regal blue tang; blue surgeonfish

Latin name: Paracanthurus hepatus

Comment: Dory in ‘Finding nemo’

Picture from: Sipadan

Also seen at: Nowhere

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Surgeonfish_Convict-Tang_Acanthurus-triostegus_P1257937_.jpg

Common name(s): Convict Tang; Convict Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus triostegus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Dark-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-nubilus_P4154305_.jpg

Common name(s): Dark Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus nubilus

Comment: Rounded throat area (flat in most other Surgeonfish)

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Indian-Sailfin-Tang_Zebrasoma-desjardinii-juvenile_P4133873_.JPG

Common name(s): Indian Sailfin Tang; Desjardin’s Sailfin Tang

Latin name: Zebrasoma desjardinii

Comment: Sailfin is rarely extended like this. Tail is dark with light blue spots. Looks similar to Pacific Sailfin Tang (Zebrasoma veliferum), but geographic coverage and tailfin markings are different.

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Japanese-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-japonicus_P7075317.jpg

Common name(s): Japanese Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus japonicus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Species_Fish_Surgeonfish_Lined-Bristletooth-AKA-Striated-surgeonfish_Ctenochaetus-striatus_P1308854_

Common name(s): Lined Bristletooth; Striated Surgeonfish; Striped Surgeonfish

Latin name: Ctenochaetus striatus

Comment: Orange spots on head, blue lines on body

Picture from: Rork

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Lined surgeonfish; Striped surgeonfish

Latin name: Ancanthurus lineatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Longnose-Tang_Zebrasoma-rostratum_P4082579_.JPG

Common name(s): Longnose Tang; Longnose Surgeonfish

Latin name: Zebrasoma rostratum

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Mimic-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-pyroferus_P7105753.jpg

Common name(s): Mimic Surgeonfish; Chocolate Surgeonfish; Chocolate Tang; Black-barred Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus pyroferus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Moorish Idol

Latin name: Zanclus cornutus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Orangeband-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-olivaceus_IMG_7593.jpg Surgeonfish_Orangeband-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-olivaceus_IMG_0352_.jpg

Common name(s): Orangeband Surgeonfish; Orange Shoulder Surgeonfish; Orangeband Tang;

Latin name: Acanthurus olivaceus

Comment: Grey front half can rapidly turn black

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Orangespine-Unicornfish-detail_Naso-lituratus_IMG_0642.JPG

Common name(s): Orangespine Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso lituratus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Kapas

Also seen at:

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Common name(s): Powder Blue Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus leucosternon

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Lipe

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Bignose-Unicornfish_Naso-vlamingii_P4072470_.jpg Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Bignose-Unicornfish_Naso-vlamingii_P7105721_.jpg Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Bignose-Unicornfish_Naso-vlamingii_P7095589_.jpg Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Bignose-Unicornfish_Naso-vlamingii_IMG_9348.jpg

Common name(s): Bignose Unicornfish; Vlaming’s unicornfish

Latin name: Naso vlamingii

Comment: Can change rapidly shades of light to dark blue

Picture from: Surins, Bunaken, Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Bluespine-Unicornfish_Naso-unicornis_P4241367_.jpg

Common name(s): Bluespine Unicornfish; Unicorn Tang

Latin name: Naso unicornis

Comment:

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Humpback-Unicornfish_Naso-bracchycentron_P7095563.JPG

Common name(s): Humpback Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso bracchycentron

Comment: __To follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Humpnose_Naso-tuberosus_IMG_8494_.jpg

Common name(s): Humpnose Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso tuberosus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Sleek-Unicornfish_Naso-hexacanthus_IMG_8987.jpg

Common name(s): Sleek Unicornfish; Blacktongue Unicornfish; No Horn Unicorn

Latin name: Naso hexacanthus

Comment: Can change rapidly between shades of blue to black

Picture from: Banda Islands

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Slender-Unicornfish_Naso-lopezi_IMG_0492.jpg

Common name(s): Slender Unicornfish; Elongate Unicornfish; Lopez’s Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso lopezi

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Spotted-Unicornfish_Naso-brevirostris_P4241433_.jpg

Common name(s): Spotted Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso brevirostris

Comment:

Picture from: Surins

Also seen at:

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Surgeonfish_Unicornfish_Whitemargin-Unicornfish_Naso-annulatus_P7095610.JPG

Common name(s): Whitemargin Unicornfish

Latin name: Naso annulatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Surgeonfish_White-Freckled-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-maculiceps_P1288559_.jpg

Common name(s): White-Freckled Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus maculiceps

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

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Surgeonfish_Yellowfin-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-xanthopterus_P4154158_.jpg

Common name(s): Yellowfin Surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus xanthopterus

Comment: Yellow band through eye and yellow pectoral fins. Often (not always) has white hoop around tail base.

Picture from: Surins

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Surgeonfish_Yellowmask-Surgeonfish_Acanthurus-mata_P1273871_.JPG

Common name(s): Yellowmask Surgeonfish; Elongate surgeonfish

Latin name: Acanthurus mata

Comment:

Picture from: Adang

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Sweetlips_Brown-Sweetlips_Plectorhinchus-gibbosus_P1257914_.jpg

Common name(s): Brown Sweetlips; Blubberlip

Latin name: Plectorhinchus gibbosus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Rork

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Sweetlips_Diagonal-Banded-Sweetlips_Plectorhinchus-lineatus_P7034700.jpg

Common name(s): Diagonal-Banded Sweetlips; Yellow-lined Sweetlips; Lined Sweetlips; Oblique-banded Sweetlips

Latin name: Plectorhinchus lineatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Bunaken

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Sweetlips_Giant-Sweetlips_Plectorhinchus-albovittatus_PA190065.jpg

Common name(s): Giant Sweetlips

Latin name: Plectorhinchus albovittatus

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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Sweetlips_Goldstriped-Sweetlips_Plectorhinchus-chrysotaenia_PA190067.jpg

Common name(s): Goldstriped Sweetlips

Latin name: Plectorhinchus chrysotaenia

Comment:  _To Follow_

Picture from: Raja Ampat

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 Species_Fish_Sweetlips_Many-Spotted-Sweetlips-LargeJuvenile_Plectorhyncbus-cheaetodonoides_P5112770_ Sweetips_Many-Spotted-Sweetips-Adult_Plectorhinchus-chaetodonoides_P4133913_

Common name(s): Many Spotted Sweetips; Harlequin Sweetlips

Latin name: Plectorhyncbus cheaetodonoides

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile; Intermediate; Adult. (See video of juvenile’s distinctive movement )

Pictures from: Kradan, Ngai, Surins

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Species_Fish_Sweetlips_Oriental-Sweetlips-young-juvenile_Plectorbyncbus-vittatus_P4210530_ Species_Fish_Sweetlips_Oriental-Sweetlips-Juvenile_Plectorbyncbus-vittatus_P6190456_ Sweetlips_Oriental-Sweetlips-Early-Adult_Plectorbyncbus-vittatus_P1162806_.jpg Species_Fish_Sweetlips_Oriental-Sweetlips-Adult_Plectorbyncbus-vittatus_P1308875__

Common name(s): Oriental Sweetlips

Latin name: Plectorbyncbus vittatus

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile; Young Adult; Early-Adult; Adult. See video of juvenile.

Picture from: Similans, Malbul, Adang, Similans

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Species_Fish_Tilefish_Blue-Blanquilo-AKA-Striped-Blanquilo_Malacanthus-latovittatus_P7287159

Common name(s): Blue Blanquilo; Striped Blanquilo; False Whiting; Sand Tilefish

Latin name: Malacanthus latovittatus

Comment: _To Follow_

Picture from: Togeans

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Triggerfish_Black-Triggerfish_Melichthys-niger_IMG_8352.jpg

Common name(s): Black Triggerfish; Black Durgon

Latin name: Melichthys niger

Comment: Seems to be completely black, but in good light you can see dark-blue/green coloration. Easily confused with the black Indian Triggerfish.

Picture from: Banda Islands

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Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Blackpatch-Triggerfish-Juvenile_Rhinecanthus-verrucosus_P7095627

Common name(s): Blackpatch Triggerfish

Latin name: Rhinecanthus verrucosus

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult

Picture from: Bunaken, Turtle Island

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Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Clown_Balistoids-conspicillum_P4220952_.jpg

Common name(s): Clown Triggerfish

Latin name: Balistoids conspicillum

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Similans

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Triggerfish_Flagtail-Triggerfish-juvenile_Sufflamen-chrysopterus_IMG_2992.jpg Triggerfish_Flagtail-Triggerfish_Sufflamen-chrysopterus_P4210327_.jpg

Common name(s): Flagtail Triggerfish; Halfmoon triggerfish

Latin name: Sufflamen chrysopterus

Comment: “Halfmoon” is also used to refer to Rhinecanthus lunula. Pictures – juvenile, adult

Picture from: Raja Ampat, Tao

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Triggerfish_Indian-Triggerfish_Melichthys-indicus_P4092827_.jpg

Common name(s): Indian triggerfish; Black-finned triggerfish,

Latin name: Melichthys indicus

Comment: Similar looking to Black triggerfish (Melichthys niger), but the Indian’s white tail markings are directly on the edge of the tail fin.

Picture from: Surins

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Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Orange-Lined-Triggerfish_Balistapus-undulatus_P4133859_

Common name(s): Orange Lined Triggerfish

Latin name: Balistapus undulatus

Comment: __To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Triggerfish_Picasso-Triggerfish_Rhinecanthus-aculeatus_P4210347_

Common name(s): Picasso triggerfish; Blackbar triggerfish; Lagoon triggerfish

Latin name: Rhinecanthus aculeatus

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Surins

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Triggerfish_Pinktail-Triggerfish_Melichthys-vidua_P5062913_.JPG

Common name(s): Pinktail triggerfish

Latin name: Melichthys vidua

Comment: To_follow

Picture from: Tao

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Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Redtooth-Triggerfish-AKA_Black-Triggerfish-Juvenile_Odonus-niger_P4231082__ Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Redtooth-Triggerfish-AKA_Black-Triggerfish_Odonus-niger_P6180268_ Species_Fish_Triggerfish_Redtooth-Triggerfish-AKA_Black-Triggerfish-teeth_Odonus-niger_P6180245_

Common name(s): Red tooth Triggerfish; Black Triggerfish

Latin name: Odonus niger

Comment: Pictures – Juvenile, Adult, Teeth. Does have red teeth, but difficult to see. Has blue lines running forward from eyes

Picture from: Similans, Malbul

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Triggerfish_Scythe-Triggerfish_Sufflamen-bursa_P4062033_.JPG

Common name(s): Scythe Triggerfish; Boomerang Triggerfish

Latin name: Sufflamen bursa

Comment: Can change shade of body and scythe markings

Picture from: Surins

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